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The bottom line statistics of your partner’s and wife’s socioeconomic properties, wedding costs, and you may wife’s empowerment try showed during the Table step one

step three.2 Relationships means

Column (1) reports the data toward full try, and you may line (2) accounts all of them for the subsample, i.elizabeth., wives who’ve at least one aunt and something aunt. New sumple is reported just like the the essential less-means estimate having a couple of wedding expenditures paid off towards wife’s siblings and you can brothers because of the its particular for the-laws are only able to end up being conducted into subsample. The common period of husbands is forty.6 years. Husbands, typically, done no. 1 education (5 years), and you will 56% ones are literate. An average age spouses are thirty-five.8 ages. Spouses, on average, failed to complete primee properties account fully for twenty-seven% out of complete home surveyed. An average size of agricultural belongings for each and every house are 3.24 miles, with almost 40% of homes getting landless. Footnote 11 To own 39% of spouses, their beginning town is the same as regarding their husbands, 66% of those try married so you can a sis, and you may 17% is actually married in watta satta (bride to be exchange, or actually, “give–take”). Footnote 12 Each one of these is unique popular features of relationships in the Punjab, Pakistan. Conversely, the brand new northwestern element of Asia, along with Indian Punjab, could have been traditionally recognized for hypergamy, whereby spouses try y contrasts having endogamy and you will relative y due to the fact two family members arranging watta satta don’t technically observe hypergamy at the exact same big date, and therefore are probably to-be on same societal classification and financial standing. Wife’s natal family members’ house income during relationship is PKR 171,695 Footnote 13 normally. It absolutely was responded retrospectively by partner that will be, ergo, more than likely susceptible to bear in mind errors like the ones that are regarding the quantity of individual dowry or any other wedding expenditures, whether or not earnings are easier for respondents to help you bear in mind weighed against a personal dowry including some activities. I adopted equivalent work to reduce questionnaire keep in mind mistakes.

Table step 1 Summation statistics

The first area of the survey asks husbands about their ount. Given that dowry is famous in order to put certain products which enable a young few first off its marriage immediately after relationships, we inquired about the worth of for each product within the dowry. The real real question is “Fundamentally, in the area, getting children including a, what is the calculate property value each item provided since the dowry during the fresh daughter’s relationships?” I explicitly inquired about dowry since seen in the community, otherwise jati (= sub-caste), once the we are wanting the practice of dowry in itself since better since the private level of dowry its moms and dads paid off. The treatment for the question from the dowry in the community is actually gonna express perfect information regarding dowry strategies. Its answer you are going to declaration just how much they will purchase for each and every product if they are currently in the process of providing a great dowry on their daughter. In either case, the answer can promote a great deal more right measures with the itemized value of dowry. Allegedly, remembering each goods of the personal dowries out of several years in the past would-be difficult. The second a portion of the survey asks wives regarding their individual dowries and other relationships expenditures, i.e., “How much cash dowry (bride-to-be speed) performed your mother and father (in-laws) provide in the course of your own ounts can be used on the main empirical data. This new correlation Panamanian kvinnelige personer coefficient within personal dowry count and area-established dowry number was 0.65 (Fig. 3). The city-established dowry count is higher than the non-public dowry amount repaid by the wives’ moms and dads, which is not shocking given the so-called growing trend regarding actual amount of dowry.